Deontology ----- a much better approach to business world

 Deontology ----- a better approach to business world Dissertation

п»їZiyin Zhou

PHL 248

4/19/2015

Deontology ----- A Better Honest Theory in Business World

When it comes to talk about the honest theories signing up to the business world, deontology and utilitarianism are the two most debatable ethical theories that people might discuss. Most of people may think that utilitarianism is more helpful for understanding and addressing ethical issues running a business since it targets the outcomes of each and every action. Nevertheless , for me, I actually am a big supporter of deontology. I do think deontology is somewhat more persuasive theory than utilitarian. In this article, I might reveal the differences between deontology and utilitarianism and employ Enron as one example to discuss for what reason deontology is more applicable within a business world. Deontology can be known Immanuel Kant's theory, which usually believe that persons should have free of charge choices to create their meaningful decisions. That is certainly, people have great freedom to perform things that they ought to do. In addition to three significant features of deontology. First of all, " act only on maxims which you can will to be general laws of nature”(Bowie, 4), which means a moral theory should be universalized and it should be applicable for everyone who is in the same meaning situation. Second, " constantly treat the humanity in a person because an end, without as a means merely”(Bowie, 4). In another words, persons should be cured with pride and as a object of intrinsic worth. Last but not least, " so work as if you were a member of an best kingdom of ends in which you were equally subject and sovereign at the same time”(Bowie, 4), that is, persons should simply act in manners that contribute to the realization on a moral truth. Indeed, deontology emphasizes even more on the chastity of our purpose in acting morally rather than the consequences the fact that action gives. On the contrary, utilitarianism is a consequentialist ethical theory and is targeted on the " Greatest Pleasure Principle” ----- maximize the pleasure and minimize the pain. And utilitarianism implies that there is no meaning acts is definitely intrinsically right or wrong. Rather, " an act's rightness or perhaps wrongness is determined solely by act's consequences and not by simply any feature of the action itself”(Humber, Snoeyenbos, 17). Therefore , we are unable to determine whether the action great or not really from the intentions behind the actions yet only consider that if the actions may or simply cannot bring about the best consequences. Following knowing the distinctions between deontology and utilitarianism, we should go over the reasons why deontology is more useful than utilitarianism. Indeed, the most significant argument to get the people who have believe in utilitarianism is that the determination of " universal meaning truth” can be subjective plus the advantages and the disadvantages of the action are much easier to end up being calculated. Yet , they failed to take into account that, in the reality, it is hard to foresee the outcomes of each action. It can be true that analysts could use historical data, key stats or several financial segments to anticipate the consequences of each and every decision in a business but who might make sure the predictions will probably be correct? How can you ensure the final results are through your estimations? And if the outcomes do go beyond the prediction, for example , resulting in a huge loss, in that case, the prior " moral decisions” the utilitarians make could become a wrong one at the conclusion. Therefore , because it is extremely hard to make sure the final results of activities, the only thing we could do is always to make sure our actions happen to be intentionally moral. Another reason is that applying functional theories will allow the people warrant their " unethical” activities on the grounds that their particular outcomes are beneficial. For example, in business community, senior managers may agree to lie with their partners of the financial circumstances in order to get a contract. And they will declare, as their reason, " will probably be beneficial to equally companies if you successfully call and make an contract”. Furthermore,...

Cited: Bowies, Norman. " A Kantian approach to business ethics”, 1999. Printed

Humber, James and Snoeyenbos Miltion. " Utilitarianism and business ethics. Published.

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